It was the first sort of large mass organization of Blacks petitioning Congress for some sort of pensions and medical care, etc. I believe of the $500 million, $5 million is actually paid to the churches, to various organizations, during that period. For a more comprehensive search, be … In Berkeley County, the voters approved the local option sales tax (LOST). The press played a very negative role, the white press in the cases of Rosewood and Tulsa, particularly Tulsa. It obviously had been against the law for most of them to be taught to be read and write, so farming was the mode of making a living. Their families have homes they can put up for bail, whatever. www.martinsburgpd.org Several universities have acknowledged how slavery was central to the development as institutions. For important information regarding current U.S. immigration policy, Executive Orders, and travel advisories, please see our Immigration Policy Updates page and COVID-19 FAQ page. So, that’s sort of the name of the game at the electoral level, although a question I got when we passed it in California was somebody said, “Well, isn’t it kind of superfluous to do this in California because we’re doing it on the national level?”. Prosecuting Attorney. This appealed to Cuban Americans who had their land confiscated by Fidel Castro and the Cuban government, and even though most of them were conservative Republicans, they supported the reparations claim of Rosewood and that was a key in getting through the state legislature. In addition, our Berkeley Heights Health Department officials – who are also with Union County – may still need to talk to you. In fact, Professor Henry mentions in his book that a somewhat flippant remark about the futility of pursuing reparations from a prominent African American political insider, was one of the reasons he wrote his book. 380 West South Street Suite 1100 Martinsburg, WV 25401 Phone: 304-264-1971 Fax: 304-263-6092 Prosecuting Attorney The public demands come from Black nationalists. Please check the website for any upcoming events, and again, thanks for joining us and have a wonderful day. The City of Martinsburg is the county seat COVID-19 datasets on the Alameda County Open Data Portal: Eight datasets available for direct download or API integration. We have the same problems that the veterans do in terms of age.” Incidentally, there were Black Union Army veterans. Many had been very silent about this, and their kids and grandkids knew very little about it. That conference occurred one week before 9/11, and after 9/11 many, many issues were off the agenda and terrorism became the issue. An update from Chancellor Christ on two UC... Dacher Keltner on the science of awe and... Binary stars are all around us, new map of solar... COVID-19 and the media: The role of journalism in a global pandemic, Subscribe to The Berkeleyan, our weekly email newsletter, The latest information on how UC Berkeley is responding to coronavirus. The United States had provided pensions for Civil War veterans, actually on very generous terms. They are dimly or vividly aware that the history they have fed themselves is mainly a lie, but they do not know how to release themselves from it and they suffer enormously from the resulting personal incoherence.”. In the most immediate post-Civil War period, it’s land. They wanted to be able to work independently and make a living, and consequently, we get the figure of 40 acres. So, one of the things you’ve noted is just how poorly the legal system is equipped to collective redress, and particularly we’re talking about historical harms. Martinsburg, WV 25401 There was serious talk of giving Confederate Army veterans pensions and so that slaves, there are about 1.9 million at the turn of the century, ex-slaves who are getting old, who are having medical issues as many seniors do, were wondering, “Well, where’s our pension? A number of people who had been working on reparations, and the number of people who weren’t working on reparations, say “Aha! Cheryl Saville And so with that, I would like to turn it over to Professor Charles Henry. The clerk called the police and claimed that Roland had attempted to rape Paige, although there is no record of what Paige said to the police. We got several questions in the chat related to what should or would reparations look like, and you’ve touched on that a little bit, so part could be cash payments. This was not the only time that people had complaints against the state, and the state had a mechanism with a kind of Ombudsperson. It’s land that African Americans want, Frederick Douglass, and later Ida B. Berkeley Count Sheriff Department Word spreads and people start coming in from outside that there’s a race riot going on and it simply spins out of control from there. And no one in my generation knew anything about them. The Circuit Clerk of Berkeley County is responsible for recording and maintaining all Circuit Court records concerning the following: Civil Cases Magistrate Appeals; ... Public terminals are available for searching some case types that are open to the public. In all honesty, I’ve often doubted that we as a country would get to the point where reparations to African Americans could be part of our mainstream conversation. Sandra Bass: Good morning, everyone. Charles Henry: Yeah. For one particular reason, in 1988, Japanese Americans received an apology and reparations for the internment of Japanese Americans in the United States. If they were there at all, it would be a totally different perspective, it was like if you read the white newspapers after Tulsa and the Black newspapers, it was like people were in two different universes. And I’ve just pulled these out of newspapers over the last couple of years, including some just in the last month or two. Engle, age 30, was the co-owner of Hearts2Heros, a for-profit entity that allegedly was meant to support the military by creating and sending care packages to deployed service members. And these are two of the most prominent sort of cases. With that, I’ll share a little bit about Professor Henry, we’ll turn it over to him for his talk and then what we’d like you to do is to put your questions in the chat. I’m going to have to start moving faster than usual. 40 passed, you’re going to have to have a senate that will vote on it and then a president who will sign it. Professor Henry was chair of the board of directors of Amnesty International USA and is a former NEH post-doctoral fellow and American Political Science Association Congressional Fellow. The Gwinnett County Clerk of Superior Court Richard T. Alexander, Jr., is asking all veterans of all military branches of service to make sure their DD-214 is recorded at the courthouse. And so, we’ve got action both at this level, the California level, and at the national level electorally. But the remarkable figure is about a quarter of the American population today can trace their ancestry back to somebody who got some land through the Homestead Act. What are some of the factors? Now, this was a rather famous case started in 2015 that actually made it to the UN and was discussed at the UN. It was gender-free, a woman was the president of Ecotopia, power was decentralized and people sort of admired Native Americans and their relationship to nature and culture. I have to stop there, as I will keep going, but you get a general flavor of that because you have a kind of similar thing in Tulsa. If we look at textbooks in places like Texas, for example, you wouldn’t recognize Tulsa or Rosewood. It was suggested that each of the 4 million slaves should be entitled to 10 acres of confiscated or abandoned confederate land and that the many mules that had been working in the Civil War be leased out or loaned to those to help to the new freed men to help them work this land. Berkeley Courthouse NOTICE: Effective April 10, 2017, the Probate Examiners' phone hours have been suspended until further notice. One of the things I didn’t talk about when I talked about 40 acres and a mule, was at the same time, they’re talking about 40 acres and a mule, the Homestead Act passes in 1866 and there’s several Homestead Acts. Summer Nails, Felony Case Coordinator Supreme Court (803)734-1080 Court of Appeals (803)734-1890 Court Admin (803)734-1800 Disciplinary Counsel (803)734-2038 Human Resources (803)734-1970 Fiscal Services (803)734-0590 Technical Support (803)734-1799 In 1917, there was violence in places like East St. Louis, Illinois. So, let me stop there and try to answer some questions. We’ve had two or three books on presidents’ racial views from that period on out to the current period, which showed that up through Reagan, I haven’t seen any in the last decade or so, but up through Reagan, they all had problems with race, which may help explain why then reparations has been such a controversial issue in our history. Martin Luther King said that Blacks and whites had different definitions of integration, and for whites it simply meant desegregation, the absence of harm. They said that they wanted land. Between the period of roughly 1895 and 1915, there were roughly 15 pension associations involving some 5 million Blacks. Berkeley County Water District. This was modeled after the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, which was the Japanese American Bill, which also called for a study commission that issued recommendations that were then taken up and passed. Charles Henry: Well, I mean we can talk both about elected officials and non-elected officials and, of course, the elected officials, most of the efforts behind H.R. Veterans Day is an official United States Federal holiday that honors people who have served in the U.S. Armed Forces, also known as veterans.. The most famous of these pension associations, which was co-led by a Black woman, Callie House along with Reverend Isaiah Dickerson. You do not have to apply for this reduction. If you could just very briefly speak to that? I want to give you an opportunity. 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