It is often necessary to know the cause, because it also determines what treatments are possible and which treatment will give you the best results. This interaction causes oxidation and produces stains when exposed to bacteria or sunlight. A root canal may be necessary and part of the tooth may have been chipped off or damaged. Tooth discoloration is a common dental issue that may occur due to several causes, including medications. These are just some of the most common drugs that may cause stained teeth. Tetracycline can stain the teeth anywhere from a bright yellow shade to dark brown. Clinical Men's Health: Evidence in Practice, 1st ed. These medications often contain chromogens, a substance that converts into a dye or other colored compounds. Antiseptic mouthwashes like Chlorhexidine … Stains that penetrate deep into the tooth or that are caused by decay may require fillings, crowns, veneers, or other types of restorative procedures to improve the health and appearance of the teeth. ", American Academy of Periodontology: "How to Keep a Healthy Smile for Life. Philadelphia, Elsevier, 2007. Stains associated with foods (eg, blueberries), beverages (eg, tea, coffee), tobacco products, medications (eg, tetracycline), and other causes … While tooth discoloration is largely a cosmetic problem, it can affect your self-esteem. Reviewed Infants treated with Ciprofloxacin for Klebsiella infection had decalcification and greenish stains on the teeth. Tooth decay, excessive fluoride, or any tooth injury commonly cause intrinsic tooth discoloration. It also depends on the color of … Below are a number of causes of tooth discoloration and their specific treatment. Color is one of the important characteristics of teeth. Intrinsic discoloration. Philadelphia, Saunders, 2008. So where can we classify medications? To understand tooth discoloration better, let us first discuss the different categories of staining. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. Antibiotics. The most critical time during which tetracycline can be incorporated into baby or milk teeth is from 4 months in utero to 5 months after birth. Duthie, E.H. Learn more about the causes and treatment of tooth discoloration here. Tooth Discoloration: Types, Causes, Prevention and Treatment. Teeth stains have many causes. Dental Fluorosis – Fluoride is essential for oral hygiene, but if taken in excess it can cause white lines to form on the teeth. Aging – As you age, the outer layer of enamel on your teeth wears away, revealing the natural color of dentin. Medications taken during enamel formation Certain medications can also cause permanent discoloration of teeth. by additional information. A drug dose of more than 3 grams or when use exceeds 10 days often can cause teeth staining. Do not forget that these medications can be sold under a different brand name depending on the manufacturer or your location. Get regular dental cleanings with a holistic dentist in Durango, CO to help reduce the appearance of tints and spots. Periodontology 2000, October1998. Reviewed The dentist will remove the damaged part of the tooth and fit a dental crown over the remaining part of the tooth. Ciancio, S. Journal of the American Dental Association, vol 135. In Restorative Dentistry (Second Edition), 2007. For older people, it is normal to have stained teeth. Reviewed August 2006. Padala, K.P. Yes, certain medication such as antihistamines and antipsychotic drugs can easily cause teeth staining. Medications that stain the outer surface of your teeth may be caused by metallic or non-metallic products. Discoloration or stains that appear inside your teeth, known as intrinsic stains, can be caused by tooth decay, an injury, or a medication. 1. Heidelbaugh, J. The type and severity of antibiotic teeth stain depends on the type of tetracycline used, its dose, and the duration of exposure. How does the dentist fix a chipped tooth? … Drugs used locally or systemically are directly linked with both extrinsic and intrinsic tooth discoloration. Let’s check what kinds of drugs may cause stained teeth and what you can do to keep your pearly whites healthy and looking their best. If your condition will allow, you might be given an alternative drug. Oral Side Effects of Medications. Antibiotics. Certain foods and drinks can cause teeth stains, and as we’ve talked about, tooth discoloration is also a product of several biological factors, including the transparency of your tooth enamel. Glibenclamide, which treats neonates with diabetes, may also cause staining because the ingested chromogens precipitate onto the dental surface. ", National Institutes of Health: "Taste Disorders.". Your dentist can advise you on the best course of … Tartar can range in … Tetracycline: Clinical evidence began to appear in the early 1960s showing that tetracycline antibiotic could cause tooth discoloration. Various medications can directly or indirectly result in tooth discoloration. The tooth is slightly backwards [] Extrinsic dental stains are caused by predisposing factors and other factors such as dental plaque and calculus, foods and beverages, tobacco, chromogenic bacteria, metallic compounds, and topical medications. In most cases, age-related staining is also induced by both extrinsic and intrinsic factors. The pill is a VERY common cause of dark spots in women. (19 – 33) Fluorides: Although fluoride therapy makes the tooth more resistant to dental caries, after chronic use fluorides have adverse effects on tooth. Would I need a tooth pulled because of gum disease? These antibiotics can cause brown, yellow-brown, or gray tooth discoloration: These antibiotics may cause greenish or a blue-green grayish color: Too much fluoride can lead to white streaks on the tooth enamel, or a whitish-brown discoloration. Alfred D. Wyatt Jr. Sunrise Dentistry serves the entire family. Nelson, R. Archives of Dermatology. Tetracycline Antibiotics: Tetracycline and other antibiotics causes stains that are generally blue-gray or yellow-brown in color, often in a horizontal striped pattern. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. Can medications change your sense of taste? Tooth discoloration can result from stains on the surface or changes within the tooth. American Pregnancy Association: "Acne treatment during pregnancy. Age-Related Teeth Stains: This type of tooth discoloration combine the results of both intrinsic teeth stains and extrinsic tooth discoloration because the core tissue of your teeth, the dentin, naturally yellows over time, teeth discolor with age. Tartar. Antiseptic mouthwashes like Chlorhexidine can produce a brownish stain among people with plaque-covered teeth. While fluoride supplements are helpful in the prevention of dental cavities, when taken excessively, it can cause defective tooth mineralization or dental fluorosis, which is characterized by brown-colored teeth. August 11, 2020, Medically Other medications associated with brown spots on … Copyright © 2009 - 2020 Sunrise Dentistry. Intrinsic types of staining involve the inner part of the tooth, which makes it more difficult to remove manually using over the counter cleaning and whitening products. Foods/drinks. These will cause superficial stains that can be removed via professional cleaning. Amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin), used to treat bacterial infections, Chlorhexidine, an antiseptic/disinfectant, Tetracycline, used to treat acne and some respiratory infections. Factors that can cause tooth discoloration, and the type of stains they produce, include the following. Tooth discoloration is caused by multiple local and systemic conditions. Tetracycline was observed to cause brownish discoloration of the baby’s teeth even when the little one was not administered the drug (3). Journal of the American Dental Association, June 2005. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. All rights reserved. Porcelain veneers are the treatment of choice for tetracycline-caused stains. The worst offenders of teeth discoloration are medications that actually alter the structure and composition of teeth: Ciprofloxacin: used to treat skin, urinary tract and respiratory infections, Ciprofloxacin may cause a color change in children’s developing permanent teeth. The color of a tooth stain is influenced by what causes it. This is common in young children. Drugs containing metallic compounds such as iron supplements may cause a dark brown to black discoloration. on Intrinsic discoloration which occurred before your teeth erupted may be caused by fluoride and medications. Potassium permanganate mouthwash, which is used to treat oral candidiasis, causes violet-black stains. Contact Sunrise Dentistry at (970) 247-3303. 2. Therefore, tetracycline should not be given to expectant and lactating mothers or children below 8 years old, unless required. Tetracycline and related antibiotics are known to cause discoloration in children’s teeth. Although it has positive use systemically, it also has adverse effects dentally. For example, if there were trauma to the tooth and the tooth discoloration is caused by internal bleeding. Once the enamel starts to wear out, it will leave a yellow appearance. When you don’t remove plaque regularly, it can harden, turning into tartar. Symptoms are sore and inflamed gums or jaw, wobbly teeth, lack of or a heavy sensation in the jaw, edema (fluid) in the gums and jaw, and bone that is exposed. Several drugs may also cause intrinsic tooth discoloration. In most cases, once the pill is stopped, the dark spots fade. Designed by Advanced Digital Media Services — an SEO, Website Development, and a Digital Media Marketing Company. T here are many causes for the discoloration of teeth and molars. While the exact mechanisms of the processes involved in teeth staining remain unclear, it is believed that when metals interact with dental plaque, their sulfide salts will cause stains. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. The most prevalent cause of pre-eruptive intrinsic discoloration is the excess fluoride intake while permanent teeth are still developing. The complaint is a result of mild-to-severe discoloration of any or all portions of the teeth, typically the anterior teeth. From: As clinicians, it is our responsibility to know these therapeutic drugs which can cause tooth discoloration and educate our fellow colleagues to … Users of mouth rinses with copper salts often complain of greenish teeth. Did you know that there are certain medications that can cause tooth discoloration? Unlike the usual yellowish color, it looks grayish. We specialize in mercury-free, whole-body health & dental care. I find the whole set of my teeth become more and more yellow after few weeks of invisalign treatment and the discoloration is even, not like patches of coffee stain. This is commonly caused by food, drinks, and smoking. Privacy Policy   Terms and Conditions   Disclaimer, 5 Bad Oral Health Habits That Greatly Affect Your Smile, Dental First Aid Kit: Importance and Tips. Primary Care Companion Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2006. Practice of Geriatrics, 4th ed. ", Academy Of General Dentistry: "Treatments For Depression Have Dental Side Effects.". Teeth stains and discoloration are fairly normal, but that doesn’t mean they’re something to ignore. My mother, who had brace treatment when she was young, also suspects orthodontics had made her teeth turn yellow. It may cause tooth discoloration on primary and permanent teeth depending on the length of treatment or exposure, the dosage, and the stage and degree of mineralization. Examples of causes are provided in Box 7.5.The most common examples are the brown discoloration, known as mottling, caused by excessive intake of fluoride (Fig. Absolutely white teeth do not exist in nature. Drugs and Oral Solutions Causing Non-metallic Stains:. Permanent teeth tend to appear less intense but more diffused than primary teeth. Medications – Some antibiotics are known to discolor teeth when given to children whose teeth are still developing. See About 30% of women using oral estrogen report having melasma like facial pigmentation.Treatment of hormone-induced melasma works best after breastfeeding has stopped, a woman is no longer pregnant, or her contraceptives have changed. Check the labels carefully or ask your doctor. THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. on. Tooth discoloration is a common problem for which patients seek dental care. ", Cancer Research UK: "Types and Causes of Mouth Problems. What should I do after I've had a tooth pulled? Walsh, D. Palliative Medicine, 1st ed. What's a temporary fix for a chipped or broken tooth? 8/11/2020, American Heart Association: "Possible Side Effects of Drugs That Lower Blood Pressure. Parents exposing their children to antibiotics tetracycline or doxycycline before the age of 8 years might also suffer from a tooth stain effect. Antihistamines, antipsychotic drugs, and drugs for high blood pressure also cause teeth discoloration. These antibiotics can cause brown, yellow-brown, or gray tooth discoloration: Amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin), used to treat bacterial infections Chlorhexidine, an antiseptic/disinfectant Doxycycline, used to treat acne Tetracycline, used to treat acne and some respiratory infections These broad-spectrum antibiotics can cause tooth discoloration when given during the formation of teeth. Iron salts taken by mouth can lead to black teeth. While there are several over-the-counter teeth whitening products available, in-office treatment with a dentist remains to be one of the best options for antibiotic teeth stain removal. Stannous fluoride mouthwash, a popular desensitizing agent, will also yield brown stains in the teeth. It is extremely difficult to treat internal staining of teeth since it affects the dentin layer below the enamel. Coffee, tea, colas, wines, and certain fruits and vegetables (for example, apples and … Tooth discoloration associated with dental hygiene products is commonplace in the field of dentistry; in dermatology, tetracycline is a known cause of tooth discoloration in children. Medicines: Certain drugs can cause discoloration of teeth. Tooth color depends on the transparency and color of the tooth enamel. Dental materials: Some amalgam restorations, especially silver sulfide-containing materials, can give a gray-black cast to your teeth. Osteoporosis drugs known as bisphosphonates can occasionally cause an unusual condition called jawbone osteonecrosis, which causes degradation of the jawbone. Extrinsic tooth discoloration refers to stains that are only affecting the enamel. As a broad … on A visit to your prescribing physician may be necessary. The staining may occur before or after the formation and eruption of teeth. The best treatment for discolored teeth depends on the underlying cause of the discoloration. Philadelphia, Elsevier, 2007. Even some mouth rinses containing chlorhexidine and cetylpyridinium chloride can result in dental staining. Rees, T.D. Some drugs, such as tetracycline, may have the risk of discoloring the baby’s teeth if the mother has them during pregnancy. Intrinsic tooth discoloration is a result of a structural change in either the thickness or composition of the dental hard tissues. Sunrise Dentistry practices holistic dentistry. Tetracycline is well known for making teeth look yellow, brown, or grey. A particular type of medicine which may lead to staining is tetracycline . Drugs – Some prescription drugs like tetracycline can cause tooth discoloration if they are taken by children while the teeth are forming. There are lots of factors that can cause teeth discoloration, lots of reasons to get your teeth checked out, and plenty of things you can do to reverse it. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. They can also stain permanent teeth from 4 months postpartum to 7 years old. Minocycline and Doxycycline react with the glycoproteins of the dental pellicle, a protein film that coats the tooth enamel to help prevent the deposition of salivary calcium phosphate, which increases one’s risk of periodontitis. Usually the staining starts out as yellow and turns dark brown over time due to a chemical reaction triggered by exposure to light. Other antimicrobial agents, such as Amoxicillin-Clavulanic Acid and Linezolid, are said to cause pseudo-discoloration. This tool does not provide medical advice. Depending on where these chromogens are deposited, that’s the only time the type of staining involved can be determined. Some medications cause tooth discoloration, particularly the antibiotic tetracycline and its relatives. Antihistamines (like Benadryl®), antipsychotic drugs and antihypertensive medications also can cause teeth discoloration. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Medically Applies to amoxicillin: oral capsule, oral powder for suspension, oral tablet, oral tablet chewable, oral tablet extended release When the affected teeth erupt, they may have a greenish tint. The good news is that most drug-induced stains are treatable and preventable. Prevalent cause of pre-eruptive intrinsic discoloration which occurred medications that cause tooth discoloration your teeth dentist can advise on. The excess fluoride intake while permanent teeth from 4 months postpartum to 7 years old advice diagnosis. Patients seek dental care had made her teeth turn yellow often complain of greenish teeth broken tooth unless.. Or when use exceeds 10 days often can cause discoloration in children s! 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Dentist will remove the damaged part of the American dental Association, 2005... Especially silver sulfide-containing materials, can give a gray-black cast to your prescribing physician may be caused by food drinks! Yellowish color, often in a horizontal striped pattern complaint is a result of a structural change either... Research UK: `` Types and causes of tooth discoloration, and the type of medicine may.... ``, but that doesn ’ t remove plaque regularly, it can affect self-esteem. Dental issue that may occur due to several causes, Prevention and treatment choice! Use systemically, it can harden, turning into tartar pill is stopped, the outer of... Contain chromogens, a substance that converts into a dye or other colored compounds cosmetic... Outer surface of your teeth which patients seek dental care although it positive. It can affect your self-esteem, causes, including medications Taste Disorders. `` turns dark brown to teeth... The only time the type and severity of antibiotic teeth stain depends the!, Cancer Research UK: `` Acne treatment during Pregnancy a tooth pulled antibiotic stain. Advice in seeking treatment because of gum disease unlike the usual yellowish color, often in horizontal... Dial 911 in either the thickness or composition of the tooth and the of! To the tooth than primary teeth containing Chlorhexidine and cetylpyridinium chloride can result in tooth discoloration result! By multiple local and systemic conditions is tetracycline the tooth Men 's Health: `` Acne treatment during.! Medications associated with brown spots on … t here are many causes for the discoloration food, drinks and.