If you were to ask each Person in the Trinity, “Who are you?” each person would answer something differently: “I am the Father;” “I am the Son;” “I am the Holy Spirit.” If you were to ask each Person, “Who are you?” you would get the same answer from each Person: “I am God.” Not, “I am a God,” as a human would say, “I am a human.” Rather, each divine Person, while not identical to the other divine Persons, is one in being with the other two divine Persons and is fully God. The Holy Spirit is the breath of life that sustains man. . Also, send me the Catholic Newsletter and special offers. Cf. St Augustine once enshrined this idea in the following formula: “He is not called Father with reference to himself but only in relation to the Son; seen by himself he is simply God.” Here the decisive point comes beautifully to light. Comme nt: The foundation of all true love is the Holy Spirit. We are created out of relationship for relationship. For this reason the Fathers call the Holy Ghost “Love” . . This can be helpful in seeing that three things can also be one united thing. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 266 "Now this is the Catholic faith: We worship one God in the Trinity and the Trinity in unity, without either confusing the persons or dividing the substance; for the person of the Father is one, the Son's is another, the Holy Spirit's another; but the Godhead of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit is one, their glory equal, their majesty coeternal" (Athanasian Creed: DS 75; ND 16). The family is a great analogy for the Trinity. Catholics typically say the Nicene Creed at every Sunday Mass even over 1600 years later because the Trinity is so essential to the Christian faith. See more of Father,Son And Holy Spirit The Catholic Faith on Facebook. The Father is especially seen and revealed in the creation of the world, the Son is especially seen and revealed in the redemption of the world after it fell from innocence, and the Holy Spirit is now clearly seen and revealed as the one active in our lives and in the Church sanctifying (making holy) all who follow Jesus and all who seek the will of the Father. Praying for Healing: 2020 Healing Retreat. They are not substances, personalities in the modern sense, but the relatedness whose pure actuality . Person is the pure relation of being related, nothing else. We even use the familial terms Father and Son to describe two Persons of the Trinity. Log In. Love is truly the essence of God’s inner life. The love between them is so real, so profound, that this love is another eternal Person-the Holy Spirit. Because the Trinity goes beyond our earthly experiences, analogies may be helpful in understanding it. There is no teaching about God more noble, more pure, more encouraging than the Catholic and apostolic faith in the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Catechism of the Catholic Church, n. 248. However, the Father, Son, and Spirit are not three parts of God. The Son eternally returns that love back to the Father. What Do Catholics Believe about the Bible? Relationship is not something extra added to the person, as it is with us; it only exists at all as relatedness. Part One: Unity has Plurality (Apr 16, 2018) Part Two: God’s Love as the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Apr 23, 2018) In 1919 after the end of the Paris Peace Conference, then Emir Faisal (or Feisal), along with his staff from the Arabian Peninsula, traveled with Lawrence of Arabia to London. the First Person (the Father) does not beget the Son in the sense of the act of begetting coming on top of the finished Person; it is the act of begetting, of giving oneself, of streaming forth. I love Jesus and Mary. To take this analogy too far would be to think that God exists in three modes and can express being God in three ways. The Holy Spirit is God2.2 II. I know that is how the Spirit is described in many explainations, but I don’t know if this would make a difference on a Jehovah Witness. When we defend the doctrine of the Trinity, we defend Love. 9-10): [A] teaching pertaining to the Faith; theologically certain . A common way of thinking about the Trinity is identifying the Father as the lover, the Son as the beloved, and the Holy Spirit as the mutual love between the two. . I need a good detail explanation with Bible refers. Your email address will not be published. The Holy Spirit is God Job 33:4 – “The Spirit of God made me and the breath of the Almighty […] That is where we developed the use of the terms person and nature to make distinctions about God. He classifies it as a sententia certa belief, which means (pp. We might say that this analogy emphasizes the three-ness of God at the expense of God’s oneness. Here are additional biblical passages that associate the Holy Spirit with love: Romans 15:30 (RSV) I appeal to you, brethren, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to God on my behalf. And yet such is manifestly the teaching of Holy Scripture and the Fathers. Then came the Son from Him and so God became a Father..the love between the Father and the Son is the Holy Spirit of their union as Father and Son. The word we use to describe this in the Nicene Creed is consubstantial. In these talks, he repeatedly and forcefully conveyed the cocept of the Holy Trinity in this way (my paraphrase): "The Father eternally begets and fathers the Son. His words and actions led the religious leaders of the time to believe he was a blasphemer, someone who shows a lack of reverence for God or who claims the attributes of God for himself. 2 Corinthians 6:6 by purity, knowledge, forbearance, kindness, the Holy Spirit, genuine love. Why do Catholics make the Sign of the Cross? Holy Spirit, Giver of all good gifts, grant me Your seen gifts and let Your twelve fruits ripen in me. We do indeed find the teaching in the Catechism of the Catholic Church: 264 “The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father as the first principle and, by the eternal gift of this to the Son, from the communion of both the Father and the Son” (St. Augustine, De Trin. In our experience, one human person each possesses one human nature. I love Jesus and Mary. of the Holy Ghost. Holy Spirit, Divine Comforter, comfort me in all my sorrows. . Obviously, a human family of three persons contains three separate human natures, not one. Holy Spirit… Divine love personified is the Holy Spirit. What we mean when we say that God is a Trinity is that there is one divine nature, one divine substance. Jesus’ life was the greatest revelation to us of God’s inner life. Further, “the Father loves not only the Son, but also Himself and us, by the Holy Ghost.” The living, eternal bond of love between the Father and Son is the Person of the Holy Spirit (Compendium, 48). This helps us understand what is meant when the Church expresses its Trinitarian faith: “One God in three Persons.” Notice that Father, Son and Holy Spirit are not merely three names for God or merely three ways in which the one God might appear. The bond of love uniting God the Father and God the Son is the Holy Spirit. This love between the … A person is “who” someone is. The reason for this is that Catholics believe that God is not merely Unity (as all monotheists believe), but also Trinity. The Holy Spirit is sometimes defined as the love between the Father and the Son, and when a husband and wife express their marital love, sometimes a new human person results. Holy Spirit, Procession, & the Father’s & Son’s Love. Yet Jesus was clear when he talked about the Holy Spirit that the Holy Spirit was someone other than himself or the Father. The Bible tells us, “God is love” (1 John 4:8). : Four Dogmatic Arguments. Unity (as all monotheists believe), but also Trinity. Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! In God we see the Father—the “being one” and first principal of life in the Godhead—the Son—the “knowing one”—the Word who proceeds from the Father—and the Holy Spirit—the “willing one”—the bond of love between the Father and Son who proceeds as love from the Father and Son. The story goes that St. Patrick used the shamrock to teach the Irish about the Trinity. Nothing compares with it; nothing can replace it in our hearts and in our minds. Original Nicene Creed of 325 Israel knew that there was only one God. When we meet other human beings, each human person possesses one human nature—there is only one nature per person and only one person per nature. Early Christians realized through what God had said through the Jewish prophets and through what Jesus said and did that God is one, but that God exists in three Persons. or. The words are directly from Christopher West: Good News about Sex and Marriage: Answers to Your Honest Questions about Catholic Teaching (Ann Arbor, Michigan: Servant Publications, 2004), p. 19. Galatians 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness. Holy Spirit, Substantial Goodwill of Father and Son, teach me goodwill. Another analogy for the Trinity is that God is three in one, just as H2O can exist as a solid, a liquid, and a gas. Yet Jesus also prayed to the Father and spoke to and about the Father as a separate Person. The speaker provided the following quotation without citation in her presentation: God is in himself a life-giving Communion of Persons. Does anyone know the source of this quotation? While we say in the Nicene Creed that the Son is consubstantial with the Father, it is also true that the Spirit is consubstantial with the Father and the Son. (p. 66). The Holy Spirit is the third member of the divine Godhead (Trinity) and is the essence of divine love between the Father and the Son. Patheos has the views of the prevalent religions and spiritualities of the world. mutual love of the Father and the Son. But what does this mean? . 2. 2, c). . Create New Account. Augustine, Enarationes in Psalmos68; De Trinitate VII, 1, 2.). Each Person loves the other Persons of the Trinity, as their very essence. Since their distinction is in person and not, in essence, they are all equal in power, authority, and nature – because they are all united in one essence of Godhead. See the index of chapters from Fundamentals of Catholicism which have been reprinted to CERC here . This is part two of a two part series on the Trinity. Contents1 Scripture1.1 I. And the Son, eternally receiving the gift of the Father, makes a gift of himself back to him. Were in the scriptures did the Apostles or Jesus speak of the doctrine of the trinity.The trinity was developed many years later,by the church fathers.The Church fathers were not there when the Holy Spirit was poured out at Pentecost.Jesus is the saving name of God.There is no other name under heaven given among men wereby we must be saved but,Jesus.The trinity puts Jesus in second place,one of the biggest lys of the,Devil. Yesterday, I attended a “Theology of the Body” class with workbook: Into the Heart: A Journey Through the Theology of the Body, by Christopher West, 2009. or. Father,Son And Holy Spirit The Catholic … Thus the Holy Spirit proceeds from an act of willing in God — the mutual love between the Father and the Son, and so the Nicene Creed professes that he “proceeds from the Father and the Son”. In what sense, then, can we say that the Holy Spirit is the Love between the Father and the Son? Recent Post by Page. After Jesus’ death and resurrection and his ascension into heaven, early Christians understood that the Holy Spirit was also God. 131-132; cf. The love of the Father for the Son is in the Father, and the love of the Son for the Father is in the Son, and the love of the Spirit for the Father and Son is in the Spirit. . It is in the same manner that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son. . God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit is both the Lover and Beloved and the Love between them. Our earthly experience does not give us a lot of preparation for understanding the Trinity. SAINT THOMAS SAYS THAT “THE NEW LAW IS THE HOLY SPIRIT … During the first several centuries of Christian history, the Church encountered many different ways of thinking about God and about who Jesus was in relationship to the Father. Furthermore, the human child begins to exist after his or her parents exist, whereas the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are coeternal (meaning that each Person of the Trinity never began to exist and will never stop existing: God always exists, without beginning or end). However, this analogy also has its limits. It is identical with the act of giving. We might say that this analogy emphasizes the oneness of God at the expense of God’s three-ness. The Holy Spirit is a Person2 Tradition2.1 I. The citation does not include any reference to support the statement that real, profound love between two people constitutes a wholly separate person? I have not been able to find it in the catechism. However, the Father, Son, and Spirit are not just modes of being. Scripture describes God as love. So the love of each Person is in that Person. Can God Change His Mind? A pregnant mother contains another person within her, which is similar to how the Divine Persons cannot be separated from each other. In God, however, three Persons possess the same divine nature. 2 Corinthians 13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all. God, as a Trinity, exists in three Persons. The unique relationship of Mary to the Spirit is yet again expressed through her … At Mass, the priest’s prayers frequently mention the Father, the Son, and the Spirit as well. The Holy Spirit’s relation to humankind is in the embodiment of deep, personal love between God and man. In one sense, it means that the Father and the Son love each other by Their own essence. Does identifying the Holy Spirit as the love that exists between the Father and the Son diminish the Spirit’s divine personhood and distinction from the Father and the Son, despite the fact that the quotation insists otherwise? 1450-75 (anonymous). My Response to Father Stephen Imbarrato's... Cardinal Cupich criticizes Bishops on President... Eucharist: 10 Early Church Quotes About... Pearce's Potshots #11: 28 Defenses of Jesus' Nativity, Dialogue w Christian "Outside of Orthodoxy". However, this analogy also has its limits. Jesus was also clear that there is only one God, however. A “substance” or “nature” is what something is. The Holy Spirit as St. Augustine teaches, is the love of the Father for the Son and the Son for the Father, poured forth for all of us. See more of Father,Son And Holy Spirit The Catholic Faith on Facebook. If so, why the trinity ie equal persons in one God? The Love between the Father and the Son is so intense that it is a Person. When we meditate on the Trinity, we learn the ways of Love. does not impair unity of the highest being but fills it out. On the other hand, any one analogy taken too far will not describe the Trinity accurately. If you were to describe the Spirit’s relationship with the Father and Son in a single word it would be “procession.” While the Father is uncreated and the Son is eternally begotten of the Father, the Holy Spirit eternally proceeds from the Father and the Son. See more of Father,Son And Holy Spirit The Catholic Faith on Facebook. Log In. When you have God’s Holy Spirit living in you, he is the Spirit of the Father and the Son (‘God’ and ‘Christ’ in the words that Romans 8:9 uses), so the Father and the Son live in you (John 14:23). A husband and wife, no matter how closely united, are still two separate beings. Nor should we think of the Trinity as three gods cobbled together in a corporate partnership. While he spoke to the Father as someone other than himself, he did also claim to be one with the Father. Even if one could show from Scripture that the Holy Spirit is the divine love, that He is also the mutual love of the Father and the Son would still remain to be shown. (Introduction to Christianity, pp. (p. 66). God loves us and wants us to know him. For love is of the Divine Nature and the Three Persons are consubstantial. Philippians 2:1 So if there is any encouragement in Christ, any incentive of love, any participation in the Spirit, any affection and sympathy. It did not occur to him to conceive of it in any other way. 2 Timothy 1:7 for God did not give us a spirit of timidity but a spirit of power and love and self-control. Augustine sees the particularity of the Holy Spirit expressed precisely in this dilemma. Church and ministry leadership resources to better equip, train and provide ideas for today's church and ministry leaders, like you. PROCESSION OF THE HOLY GHOST That the Holy Ghost proceeds from the Father has always been admitted by all Christians; the truth is expressly stated in John, xv, 26. This, too, can be helpful in understanding that there is something about God that is one and something about God that is threefold. The later Athanasian Creed (not used in Eastern Christianity) describes in much greater detail the relationship between Father, Son and Holy Spirit. 6 Cf. From their childhood, Catholics learn to pray the sign of the cross: “In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”. Get updates from Biblical Evidence for Catholicism delivered straight to your inbox. 5 "The two relationships of the Son to the Father and of the Holy Spirit to the Father oblige us to place two relationships in the Father, one referring to the Son and the other to the Holy Spirit" (St Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica, Ia, q. There really is only one God, yet with three distinct Persons (the Father is not the Son and the Son is not the Father, etc.). This is from an exchange on the Coming Home Network forum, where I was staff moderator from 2007-2010. In other words, the Father is not the Son, the Son is not the Father, and the Holy Spirit is neither the Son nor the Father. The western understanding (that became highly controversial, and was greatly misunderstood) was trying to convey that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Christ (Jn 15:26; Rom 8:9b; Gal 4:6; Phil 1:19; 1 Peter 11) as well as of the Father (Mt 12:28; Jn 15:26; Rom 8:9a; 1 Cor 12:3; Eph 4:30; 1 Jn 4:2). As a Trinity, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit love one another completely and entirely. God created us out of love, and we are created for love. Regarding the difference between the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, the theologian John Wesley said, “Bring me a worm that can comprehend a man, and then I will show you a man that can comprehend the triune God!”The study of God is the highest subject any human can ever even attempt to comprehend. The living, eternal bond of love between the Father and Son is the Person of the Holy Spirit (Compendium, 48). Father,Son And Holy Spirit The Catholic … Required fields are marked *. This great love of the Son of God and the Son … The Holy Spirit is sometimes defined as the love between the Father and the Son, and when a husband and wife express their marital love, sometimes a new human person results. Rom. The belief under consideration was developed by St. Augustine in his work, The Trinity: Book  XV. They are three identifiable Persons, each fully God in a manner that is distinct yet related to the others (see U.S. Catholic Catechism for Adults, 52). This picture of the Spirit as the mutual love between the Father and Son goes back to Augustine who wrote: “And the Holy Spirit, according to the Holy Scriptures, is neither of the Father alone, nor of the Son alone, but of both; and so intimates to us a mutual love, wherewith the Father and the Son … At times the Trinity may seem like a dull doctrine, but Jesus showed us this truth about who God is to reveal God’s inner life to us. 32, a. . that the Holy Ghost proceeds from both is seen by this that He is known as the love or sanctity of both. Just a logical explanation but which I do not totally believe as the story is merely taken from a Roman-Greek Mythology. The Apostles' Creed does not explicitly affirm the divinity of the Son and the Holy Spirit, but in the view of many who use it, this doctrine is implicit in it. The Nicene Creed, written at the Council of Nicea in 325 and revised at the Council of Constantinople in 381, was the result of the Church’s continued thinking about the Trinity. The Holy Spirit Proceeds from the Father and the Son Scripture I. And insofar as we love, we become like God. Jesus Christ, God the Son, is in you by His Spirit, and God the Father is in you by His Spirit. Catholic theologian Ludwig Ott, in his Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma, describes the Catholic belief as: The Holy Ghost Proceeds from the will or from the mutual love of the Father and the Son. The older Roman Catechism stated that the “Holy Ghost proceeds from the Divine Will, inflamed, as it were, with love” (I, 9, 7; cited in Ott, p. 67). In another, it means that the Father and the Son “spirate,” or breathe, the love that is the Holy Spirit. It is, therefore, to be inferred that the Holy Ghost “proceeds” by an act of love (per modum amoris). Who is Jehovah? The Father, from all eternity, is making a gift of himself to the Son. Only in being-for the other is he Father; in his own being-in-himself he is simply God. . When he is named by that which is the divinity of God, by what the Father and Son have in common, then his essence is just that, the communio of Father and Son. . From the the high altar of the chapelle Saint-Marcellin, Boulbon, France. That story may not be true, but the analogy is that just as there are three leaves on the shamrock, so there are three persons in God. Does this source have roots in the Church Fathers, or traditions of the church? Log In. This has to do with the filioque dispute: the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son. The Holy Spirit is God1.2 II. Faith in the Trinity, therefore, is not merely a doctrine but a dogma that shows us who God is and who we are as creatures made in his image. The 11th Council of Toledo (675) declared: . 5,5: “The charity of God is poured forth into our hearts by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.” The appropriation of the works of love to the Holy Ghost has its basis in the personal character . Colossians 1:8 and has made known to us your love in the Spirit. Jesus was the Messiah promised by the God of Israel, and that God was one God. Yes, I want the Patheos Catholic Newsletter as well, Identity Politics vs. Transactional Politics. When we Christians worship the Trinity, we are worshiping Love. . Create New Account. That is often how the Spirit is described. Is He supervisor to Jesus? But later theology was to distinguish clearly between these two loves. These are questions I am always confronted by friends who are not Catholics. However, ice, water, and vapor are three modes of being of H2O. See more of Father,Son And Holy Spirit The Catholic Faith on Facebook. But the Greeks, after Photius, deny that He proceeds from the Son. We thus begin to live and love, as Father Leen points out, by the very life of God! Orthodox View: Holy Spirit from the Father Through the Son. He claimed for Himself things that belonged only to God, like the power to forgive sins. “God is love” (1 John 3: 23). “Father” is purely a concept of relationship. a doctrine, on which the Teaching Authority of the Church has not yet finally pronounced, but whose truth is guaranteed by its intrinsic connection with the doctrine of revelation (theological conclusions). Pope Benedict XVI expressed a thought perhaps not unlike this one: [T]he “three persons” who exist in God are the reality of word and love in their attachment to each other. [public domain / Wikimedia Commons], Please also opt me in for Exclusive Offers from Patheos’s Partners. He pours our His life and love on the Son. Reflecting on this, the Church definitively teaches that the Father eternally generates the Son and that the Son is eternally generated by the Father. Jesus also promised to send the Holy Spirit to be with his disciples after he was no longer with them in his physical body (John 14:26). Your email address will not be published. A search for the citation on the internet revealed its source as Christopher West. Provence, bet. 15, 26, 47: PL 42, 1095). Media/News Company. Holy Spirit, Instructor of the faithful, help me to understand Christ’s words. The three Persons of the Trinity possess completely and co-equally the divine nature. The Spirit’s Unique Relationship With the Father and the Son . The result of this was that the Church developed a more sophisticated language to talk about God. We even use the familial terms Father and Son to describe two Persons of the Trinity. Ott gives the theological rationale for this doctrine: Scripture and Tradition ascribe the works of love to the Holy Ghost. The family is united in love, and the three Persons of the Trinity live in a relationship of love with one another. . Log In. Filioque: Catholic-Orthodox Dialogue (William Klimon), Photo credit: The doctrine of the Filioque: The Trinity with a donor presented by St. Agricol. They are distinct in persons but united in one essence, which is divinity. Recent Post by Page. Media/News Company. Is what something is 2 Timothy 1:7 for God did not give us a of! Your love in the Nicene Creed is consubstantial why the Trinity, we defend the doctrine of the Trinity we... Son is the Person, as it is with us ; it only exists at all as relatedness,,! All my sorrows … see more of Father, Son, and vapor are three modes of being of.. Love each other by their own essence 1095 ) Son to describe two Persons of the Spirit is pure... Detail explanation with Bible refers Compendium, 48 ) word we use describe., goodness, faithfulness is making a gift of himself to the Person of the Spirit ’ s & ’... The prevalent religions and spiritualities of the divine Persons can not be separated each. 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